Ambassador Pablo Solon of the Plurinational State of Bolivia at the UNFCCC climate negotiations in Bonn, Germany
Some key elements of the Cochabamba Accord are finally recognized formally in the negotiating text for the very first time.
The EU calls this ‘World climate talks ‘going backwards,’ but to our brothers and sisters suffering and dying from the injustices of climate change this indeed represents an important victory.
From the EU coverage:
In response to the impasse , some developing nations in Bonn articulated a new approach – an equitable sharing out of the remaining “carbon budget” the planet has left.
The world has a “carbon budget” of 750 gigatons of emissions by 2050. These nations argue that, like a bank account with a limited amount of cash, what carbon space is left in the kitty should be shared out fairly based per person, rather than per nation, but also taking into account historic emissions.
While wealthy countries represent just 16 percent of the world’s people, they take up 74 percent of the carbon space, noted Bolivia’s negotiator at the talks, Pablo Solon.
“With the current pledges on the table, we have calculated that the [rich] nations are going to spend the whole [carbon] budget of the next 40 years in the next 10 years,” he said. “It is like a salary. If you spend it all in the first week then you have nothing left for the rest of the month.”
Press Conference: Bonn Climate Negotiations Aug. 6
CLICK HERE: http://unfccc2.meta-fusion.com/kongresse/100802_AWG/templ/play.php?id_kongresssession=2959 to watch friday’s press conference by Ambassador Pablo Solon of the Plurinational State of Bolivia at the UNFCCC climate negotiations in Bonn, Germany (via UNFCCC website)
We have come here to express our view in relation to this new round of negotiations here in Bonn. After five days, we feel that this is now beginning to be a party-driven process, and at the end of this week, we have a text that is a party-driven text. We have taken a step forward because now from a facilitating text, we have a negotiating text and all 192 parties recognize as its text. It has a lot of brackets… it has more pages, but now we can say that the vast majority of proposals of the countries are on the negotiating table. In China, we will begin a negotiation line by line, paragraph by paragraph.
From the perspective of the proposals of the World People’s Conference and Climate Change and the Rights of Mother Earth, we want to express that the vast majority of those proposals have been included in the negotiating text.
For example, the reduction of 50% of greenhouse gas emissions for the second period of the Kyoto Protocol from 2013-2017, the limit on the increase in temperature to 1 degree Celsius and 300ppm. Now in the new text, we have a reference not only to temperature but to parts per million of Co2.
Another very important improvement is to guarantee an equitable distribution of the atmospheric space taking into account climate debt, and to take into account also an equitable distribution of the remaining budget in relation to the population of developed and developing countries.
There is a clear proposal now to respect human rights in the operative part of the text, not in the preambular part only, and clear paragraphs in relation to Indigenous People’s rights and climate migrants’ rights. There is also the proposal in the text to recognize and defend Mother Earth’s rights in order to promote to harmony with nature.
Also the proposal of the development of a climate court of justice has been included in different parts of the text.
In relation to the proposal to not promote market mechanisms that develop offsets from developing countries in favor of developed countries – that also has been included.
There is now a clear reference in what is called REDD, which we think should be called Forest Related Actions. There are two options – one option is supported by those that want to have market mechanisms, and the other is the one expressed by Bolivia and the World People’s Conference on Climate Change and the Rights of Mother Earth, which is to move on without these kind of market mechanisms.
When it comes to financing, the proposal of Bolivia has also been included. We have said that it is necessary to use 6% of the GDP of developed countries to address climate change-related issues, and that has also been included.
When it comes to forests, the position of the World People’s Conference in regard that this should be done in an environmentally integrative way fully respectful of the rights of Indigenous Peoples is also there, and of course defending what we call real forests, and not trying to change forests into plantations.
So the main proposals of the World People’s Conference that took place from April 20th to 22nd in Bolivia are now in the text of negotiation.
4:30PM August 6, 2010, Bonn, Germany